Istanbul, Oct 22 () - Turkey stands out as most vulnerable to external risks because of its high reliance on external capital and large stock of external debt due annually, combined with heightened political risks, urged the International ratings company Moody’s.
The report released by Moody’s focusing on five Baa-rated sovereigns, Turkey, Brazil, South Africa, India and Indonesia, stressed that emerging market sovereigns have diverging shock-absorption capabilities to withstand the risks that will continue to impact global credit quality in 2015-16.
Moody's report, entitled "Baa-rated Sovereigns: Diverging Resilience to Developing Global Risks" suggests the main external risk facing emerging markets is the potential for a prolonged period of emerging market risk aversion, prompted by the anticipation of the normalisation of US monetary policy and the possibility of a sharper-than-expected slowdown in China's growth.
In some cases, country-specific challenges exacerbates this external risk, according to the report.
Brazil and Turkey to register sharpest exchange rate depreciation
Furthermore, the trends in global capital flows have caused Brazil and Turkey to register the sharpest exchange rate depreciation and loss of reserves in the first half of 2015, while India proved comparatively resilient to these market developments, said Moody’s report.
“While Brazil is less reliant on external capital, it has already experienced significant financial market turbulence because of the country's weak growth outlook, ongoing deterioration of its fiscal metrics and challenging political landscape” the report stressed.
Also, according to the report, South Africa and Indonesia are primarily exposed to financial market turbulence through their trade links with China and a period of low commodity prices. If Chinese growth is slower than expected, this could delay both countries' cyclical economic recoveries and affect capital flows, says Moody's, although both countries have adequate resources to meet their needs in periods of adverse market conditions.
India, on the other hand, is less exposed to global risks because of its more resilient economic growth and the impact of positive policy reform momentum, according to the rating agency.